The MOST Cinematic Camera Settings – Part 1

– Hey guys, welcome to Travel Feels. Today we’re going back to the basics. Everyone always asks me what
camera settings I’m using and so I want to go through
each of the camera settings and show you what
settings you need to have to get the most cinematic
images out of your camera. (bright band music) Now, when I talk about cinematic images, what I really mean is the most film-like or Hollywood image possible. Hollywood has the best in
the industry working there so we should be looking
at what they’re doing and use those same
things in our own films. So what F stops are they using, what frame rates, what shutter speeds? All these little things,
they make a big difference in your footage. I remember when I started out, I would just fiddle around
with the shutter speed and f stop and I’d be all over the place and I thought that doesn’t
really matter so much, but it actually matters a lot. It’s really important that
you have the right settings in your camera. It doesn’t matter what
camera you’re using, if your settings are off, the footage is gonna to look like garbage. It’s like having a 1D for photos and then just throwing it on auto and taking pictures on auto all the time. The images won’t be nearly
as good as they could be. So it’s the same thing with your camera. Whatever camera you’re using, make sure you’re thinking through what settings you’re using and why. A lot of the settings have exceptions for stylistic reasons. So you need to know what
settings you should have and if you’re not using those settings, why are you changing them? There are so many different
thing that you could do to get cinematic images,
but camera settings are a big part of that. So I want to go through
the different settings, what they are, and what I’m usually using. I want to go through frame rates, color profiles, shutter
speed, f stop and ISO. So let’s start off with frame rate. When you’re taking a video, it’s basically just a series of images
that are put together that make it look like there’s motion or a video clip. And there’s different frame rates that you can have in your video clips. But the most cinematic frame rate is 24 frames per second. Virtually, everything in Hollywood is played in 24 frames per second. You can film at higher frame rates, like 60 or 120 or 360 frames per second, but you’re always conforming it and playing it at 24 frames per second. And why is this? I’ve done some research into this before, and really the brain can only handle about 20 to 24 images per second. That doesn’t mean that we
can’t see the difference between 24 and 60 frames per second, but the brain can’t process more than 20 to 24 frames per second. Anything below 13 frames per second, the human eye can see
that there’s a series of images instead of smooth animation. Anything above 13 frames per second starts to look like animation or smooth movement where
the brain can’t see that it’s pictures one after another. So 24 frames per second is kind of like the maximum amount that the brain can handle at once. I don’t know exactly what happens with 60 frames per second, but if the brain can only
process 24 frames per second, that means the brain is having to discard a whole bunch of those. And when you’re filmmaking,
you want each frame to count. So 24 frames per second
is what they’ve landed on throughout history. And when you compare 24 versus let’s say, 60 frames per second, they
look totally different. 60 frames per second has this like news, soap opera feel to it and just doesn’t look cinematic at all. Whereas 24 frames per second had just the right amount
of smoothness to it, but it’s not overly smooth either. Now you guys can debate this all you want, but there’s a reason
why virtually every film gets played in 24 frames per second with only a few exceptions. Like for example, some of the Hobbit films were shown in 48 frames per second. But I think this has to do more with the fact that it was shown in 3D and they were trying to cut
some of that motion blur. 3D is really hard with motion and there’s a ton of motion and action
going on in the Hobbit. So I think they were
trying to enhance the image a little bit by playing it
in 48 frames per second. But it really didn’t look that good to me. So whenever you’re shooting
something real time or not slow motion, shoot
in 24 frames per second. And then if you’re
shooting in slow motion, conform that to 24 frames per second so you’re playing it at
24 instead of 60 or 120 or whatever the frame rate
was that you filmed it in. You can also shoot in a
lower frame rate than 24 and then conform it to 24 and it kind of speeds it up a little bit. The movie Mad Max used
a lot of this effect, it creates kind of a
chaotic, jittery feel to it. A little bit sped up,
but it just really worked for that film. So 24, not 30, not 60. 24 frames per second is the
most cinematic frame rate. Next we’re gonna look at color profiles. Every camera comes with
different color profiles. Some cameras have a log format
that’s a really flat image and then others don’t. But in every camera, you’re able to tweak the color profiles a little bit. Now, I would always say to use as flat of an image as possible. The reason for this is
that you’re not baking in any of that look. So then in post you can go
and manipulate the image as much as you want. For that reason, I’m almost
always shooting in log. If my camera has log, I’m shooting in log. So for example, in the Sony a7R II, I’m shooting in S-Log2, whereas, in the Olympus, it doesn’t
have a log profile. But I choose settings that make it the most flat image as possible. It’s almost like the difference in taking a JPEG photo and a RAW photo. It’s not quite the same, but
you have a lot more information to use in posts. So if I can, I’m always
using a log profile. This way, I can have the most room to color grade and
color correct it in post and make it look the way I want. The only exception to this would be if the Kodak or sensor isn’t good enough to capture a log file. The DJI cameras are good example of this. I’d say anything below
the Phantom Four Pro, they just can’t handle the log profile. When you go to grade
it, it just falls apart. There’s just not enough information and resolution there to
make log footage look good. But 90% of the time, I’m
shooting in a log profile. Now, the log profile doesn’t actually make it more cinematic necessarily, but it does allow you to in
post make it more cinematic. And it does also give
you more dynamic range, which is a really film-like,
or Hollywood quality. You want the most dynamic range possible. And what dynamic range is,
it’s just the amount of values between your darkest and your
lightest luminance values. That means, if you’re filming inside and there’s a window, it’s
not blowing out right away because it’s much brighter outside. Or that the inside is way dark and the outside is exposed. So you’re able to capture
more of the highlights and shadows at the same time. I want to split this
tutorial into two parts, just because there’s a lot to go through and I want you to internalize
as much as possible. Also, I don’t know if you guys checked out my review of the Olympus E‑M1 Mark II I posted a few days ago. Go and check that out. And I also want to add to that review and show you a vlogger’s
perspective of the camera. When we were in Italy and Switzerland testing out the cameras,
I was with my friend, Peter McKinnon, he has
his own YouTube Channel, he vlogs and makes tutorials, and he was testing the camera
from a vlogger’s perspective. So here’s what he had
to say about the camera. – So how is this for vlogging? Well, I’ll tell you how it is. My favorite thing when using this, and I mean, as vloggers,
we’re taking this everywhere, that’s the thing. It’s going on airplanes,
it’s going in restaurants, we’re going into hotels and elevators. This camera goes everywhere with you when you are trying to make vlogs. One of the biggest positives
of this was the size. Using a mirrorless camera to vlog was such a refreshing thing for me. Coming from using a much
larger camera to vlog. And why that’s important? I’ll tell you why that’s important. A lot of the time it’s all
about feeling comfortable when you’re filming, when
you’re vlogging especially. Because it’s, as you guys know, if you’re starting out, it
can be really nerve wracking, almost embarrassing when you first start walking around, holding a camera in front of your face talking to it. It takes some getting used to. So when you’re able to take a setup that’s much larger and condense it into a mirrorless size. Look at it, that’s it. When you can get it this size, that boosts your confidence and what is that gonna do for you? Well that’s gonna make sure
that you continue shooting. You’re gonna keep shooting
in those instances where maybe you weren’t going to before because the camera just made you feel a little uncomfortable. Not only that, larger cameras make other people feel uncomfortable. So not only do you feel
awkward with the giant camera, so does everybody around you. So when you switch to a
nice little setup like this that packs the same amount
of punch into a small body, it gives you the confidence and it calms everyone else
down around you as well. So if you’re walking into a store, if you’re walking into a movie theater, not to bootleg, but to just make a vlog and do whatever it is
that you’re gonna do, people around you will feel less tense and less stressed about,
what is this guy doing? Is he making a film? It’s accepted, it’s
socially accepted more. And for me, that was the biggest, the biggest plus of this camera. Was just feeling so
comfortable right off the bat being able to vlog with it. The screen flipping around, huge help in being able to see yourself
and where you’re framed. The auto focus will automatically focus on whatever’s in the frame
or it’ll track your face. It’s a little bit slow on the uptake, but nothing that’s gonna prevent you from being able to take
advantage of that feature. So when you’re walking
around on the street, and you’re running around on the street, maybe you are doing whatever
it is on the street, when you use this camera,
they’ve specifically designed the image stabilization into this to work very well when you’re walking. So as vloggers, we’re
always walking around holding our cameras out
in front of our faces, filming what’s happening. So, the added bonus of
having stabilization built into the body is great because it’s gonna smooth out those shots so it’s not just everyone’s you know, throwing up because your footage is all over the place. You’re not gonna have that problem. The benefit to that is, you know, prior cameras and other
brands and stuff like that, image stabilization is
built into the lenses. So depending on what lens you use, you have to make sure that
has image stabilization in order to get a smoother shot. But, with these, it’s built into the body. So you know, you can rest assured that you are good to go
whenever you’re vlogging, because it’s built in, it’s right in here, it’s like it’s in this,
it’s submerged into this. It’s a good thing to have. So we’ve got the good battery life, we’ve got the swivel
LCD, the mic goes on top, we’ve got that stabilization, you throw that grill of Pod on the bottom, boom, bust that out in front of you, you’re vlogging in no time. You’re welcome. (upbeat band music) – Thanks for joining me today, guys. I hope you learned something. And stay tuned for part two of the camera settings tutorial. On part two, we’re gonna be looking at shutter speed, f stop, and ISO, so stay tuned for that. Enjoy the film making process and go make some travel memories. (upbeat rock music)

100 Replies to “The MOST Cinematic Camera Settings – Part 1

  1. Very nice presentation–thank you. My understanding is that 24fps is about the maximum that the brain can handle because the optic nerve actually samples the visual input to the eye and sends the data to the visual cortex for processing in bursts. In the midst of a crisis–such as while having an automobile accident–adrenaline temporarily alters the sampling rate and we feel as if we're seeing things in slow motion. It's because the sampling rate has increased.

  2. Your explanation that the brain cannot process more than 24 fps is an urban myth without any scientific backing. The brain doesn't "see" or processes images based on "frames" – otherwise you would have to blink 24 times/second just to emulate that. The image composed by the brain is generated in the retina, and is based on the electrical impulses continuously emitted by the photoreceptors located there. 24 fps was chosen as the lowest frame rate at which the brain could interpolate between two consecutive frames so it will generate blur and the combination of a sequence of stills can be perceived as a continuous movement, while also keeping the filming costs as low as possible.

  3. The 24fps standard also has to do with sound and how it was able to sync with the picture. I think they said 48fps looked the most realistic but because it was film and back in the day the cut it in half to 24fps.

    Now 24fps is the look we are all used to. Also, I think 24fps looks the best. 😉

    For TV the sound sync and the frame rate had to do with the electric cycle 60hz North America (others too I think) 29.97fps NTSC 50hz Europe 25fps PAL.

  4. Flat Image as possible isn't always the best choice as you're using a 4:2:0 8-bit camera.
    When you lower the shadows and the contrast the image tends to pixelate and create noise when it shouln't exist.

  5. The human brain can individually distinguish up to 14 images per second and anything more is seen as continuous movement. This is called "The persistence of vision". 24 frames per second was chosen because it is the lowest speed for smooth movement and only if the shutter speed is a fiftieth of a second or 180 degrees of a rotating shutter. There is no upper limit as this video suggests. The higher the shooting-playback rate, the smoother the motion, however, we are used to 24 and that is why it is cinematic.(ask Peter Jackson). 30 and 60 frames per second comes from television with interlaced images that were the same as the alternating current frequency. (50 in Europe).

  6. 60 fps is not that famous but hate to watch action movies with fast paced scenes and see the blurred background jumpy when the camera move to another point of interest. 60fps has definetly its place in storytelling.

  7. This is the channel that I'm looking for. I learned so many things about filmmaking and I thank you so much! This is my dream and I hope to be good as you someday.

  8. The 48fps frame rate is so each eye can have its own 24fps film. The glasses are polarized 90 degrees and every other frame on the film is too. you only see one eye at a time but its at 24 fps so you don't notice. same for 120hz Tv is for 3d glasses. 2 60hz signals intertwined. =)

  9. Question – if your camera doesn't have a log profile but instead you just dial back the contrast and saturation etc when it comes to LUTS would you then use the LOG version or do you still use the REC709 versions? Thanks

  10. Maaaan, that was one hobbit movie that looked HORRIBLE, always wondered what that was!!! thank you! the whole knowledge was great but was in the back of my mind for so long lol

  11. Hey Matti, I love your channel man, I find it really helpful! One question: when I go travelling and filming, for some shots I will want slow motion but some others I will want normal speed but I won't necessarily know which shots I will want in slow mo until I'm editing in post back home. Do you think it would be better to just always film in 60fps at 1/120th so that I have the flexibility when I get home or should I try constantly changing the settings and try and plan which footage I will want in slow motion? I just don't want to get home, realise I filmed in 24 or 30fps on some shots where it would have been nice to slow it down?

  12. This guy has an interesting accent. Mainly American but with some Canadian …the way he says 'abowt', but there is some subtle Scandinavianin there too, almost identical to the youtube film reviewer 'Impression Blend'.

  13. I’m shooting a music video and I want to slowmo the intro part but when I filmed using 24fps and then slowed it down in adobe premier I was getting a weird glitch in the bottom corners so I tried to film it in 60fps which fixed the problem, just curious to what other people would suggest filming something like that in?

  14. The reason why Cameron and Jackson trying too establish HFR (48fps) in cinema is that they want it more "realistic". And honestly it is more realistic. When you are moving your head to left and right, you will never see such a motion blur like in a 24fps Movie. When i startet to realise, that playing my movies in higher frame rates makes them really sharp even when moving the camera, i always had a headache. Anyway, 24p is not more realistic and is also not the maximum our brain can handle, but 24p is what we learned since 100 years in Cinema. At the end I came back to 24p, cause now I love the Motion Blur:-)))))

  15. One thing is cinematic, and one other different thing is GAMING or 3D animation… most 3D movies are rendered at 60fps but slowed down to 24fps during post procesing for cinema… on video making 24fps gives the most good quality feeling on the big screen that 30 o 60fps, and you can notice it when you had time to play with a big movie proyector and play some 60fps content in it… you just feel sick and confused with higher framerates… 48fps on the hobbit was totally weird experience… for gaming i still preffer 75fps+ because at higher fps the frame to frame latency is lower and it feels much better with you move the in game motion… hope you learned something from my text and experience, chers.

  16. I have had good experience capturing fast moving objects in 60FPS and then scale it down to 24FPS during the editing of the shot. If I captured the same scene in 24FPS, it didn't look good at all.

  17. It's not that brain can't handle more than 24 Frames..It's more like 24 Frames is minimum number of frames for smooth movement.

  18. Really nice video! Helped me a lot. Quick thing: It always looked like you were about to hit your lens closest to you and I always had a little bit of OCD that it was too close to you. Just saying. It kinda distracted me. 😂😂

  19. From what I researched, 24fps was originally used to save money during the recession in the 30's. They discovered that 24fps was the slowest they could go without losing the natural look and it just became the standard!

  20. When you say convert it to 24 if you film in 50 or 60, you don't mean like in the cam. I tried that and the photo sucked.

  21. @Matti Haapoja i think the problem with 24fps (and that is why 60fps looks smoother) ist that the moment when your eye is "taking" a picture and the moment when the screen "sends" a picture arent allways the same
    same as playing on a PC with 120fps but a 60Hz Screen. The screen wants to send a picture but the pc is not sending one. That problem or better to say its less often the case that this happens so we think the video is smother
    hope my bad English is understandable

  22. So what's happening with your video when you play it back on a television set? Television sets are playing it back or most of them are at 30 p so I when you shoot a video at 24p is it faking some frames in there in order to come up with their 30p And if you know that your intended audience is going to be watching it on a television set…. it would you not just shoot it at 30 P to start with?

  23. Now when you say conform it to 24 FPS are you saying I can shoot all my videos in 60 FPS then in premiere for the settings of the project set it to 24 FPS?Also, what FPS do you vlog and shoot B-roll with?

  24. when i mix it up in one scene, means slow motion and fast or double speed parts, should i film with 60 fps right ?

  25. Автор очень сильно путает частоту кадров при съёмке и частоту кадров в обработанном готовом клипе (видеоролике). Да 24 кадра в секунду комфортнее для зрителя поэтому готовое видео лучше делать именно в 24 кадра в секунду но исходники лучше всё таки делать с частотой кадров побольше.

  26. If the brain can only process 24 fps how can you differ between 24 fps and 60 fps as you said? You literally just said that your brain can handle the "Soap Opera" affect you just described. I shoot in 60fps or higher it helps a lot with post production and having wiggle room to edit then I export it in 24 or 30fps there is absolutely no reason to restrict yourself to 24fps. Same thing goes for shooting in 8K the ability to downscale makes it look so much better even if it is not necessary.

  27. Sorry but I have to correct you on the frame rate. The only reason 24 is a rate they shoot film in, is because film is expensive. 24 frame per second is the slowest they can shoot and still have smooth motion. The frame rate has nothing to do with film look. At best, shoot in 24 if you want to transfer to film after editing for distribution.
    People have shot film in higher frame rates and it does change to look.
    For example, all films were changed to 29.97 frame rate for TV (broadcast or DV). It doesn’t automatically change the look to “video”.
    The only other good reasons for shooting in 24 is for smaller file size. Plus a camera has to work harder to shoot more frames in a second. With larger sensors and more bits per second for each frame, shooting 24 is easier than shooting 30.

  28. #MattiHaapoja You seem to have enraged quite a few people with your 24phs comments. Isn't it possible that due to historic technical limitations Hollywood got us used to 24fps regardless our brain capabilities?

  29. Matti and Peter. You guys are great to watch. I have seen just about every video you made and thoroughly enjoyed watching them. I also learned a lot. Thanks. I am 78 and a beginner at video but will improve thanks to your efforts.

  30. What if you film everything at 120p and you want to export it at 24p but you don't want to slow it down. Would it be noticeable that it was not filmed at 24?

  31. Entire video's content can be condensed into about 10 seconds:
    2:14 FPS setting, 24p
    5:03 Color profile, use flat

    The rest is an empty blabber

  32. 'The brain can only process 24 fps' what a ridiculous untrue statement, usualy love your videos but you may need to school yourself on this one

  33. "The USAF, in testing their pilots for visual response time, used a simple test to see if the pilots could distinguish small changes in light. In their experiment a picture of an aircraft was flashed on a screen in a dark room at 1/220th of a second. Pilots were consistently able to "see" the afterimage as well as identify the aircraft. This simple and specific situation not only proves the ability to percieve 1 image within 1/220 of a second, but the ability to interpret higher FPS."
    24fps has absolute no basis in scientific research.

  34. In your response to one of the comments, you say that the eye can distinguish between 24 and 60 fps, but the brain cannot process more than approximately 20. This is self-contradictory. If the "eye" can see a difference, then the brain is processing the two perceptions differently. To suggest otherwise is wholly illogical. Please note, you need to explain what the processing differences actually are, else the claim is self-evidently wrong.

  35. I think that the human eye can only see 24fps when it comes to motion and the blur it creates. However, when looking at a screen where the LEDs just change their color, there isn't much movement at all. That's why we can tell the difference between a 24fps video and a 120fps video. That's just what I think though. Feel free to correct me 🙂

  36. I'd say it's more of balance between cost and quality back in film era. Also making 24fps gives you dream like/illusion and sense of story. Which we call Cinematic look.

  37. Whenever I record in 24fps it looks insanely jittery. Even if I am barely moving the camera. I have a Canon SL2. Idk if the camera is the reason or what, but why does it look so horrible?

  38. I thought they went with 24 back in the day because it was the lowest you could shoot in while still looking smooth to save money back when they used actual film.

  39. Your explanation about the 24 fps and what the brain "sees" is absolute nonsense. It was just for economy and then we got used to it.

  40. thanks for the tutorial ….ok …i got it …i need to change my setting to 24 fps and log for my youtube cooking videos ..thanks!

  41. I turn off "Sharpness" or "Detail" so as to avoid that clinical video look. Fine for News cameras. It comes from the old days when TV needed a deep depth of field as a best practice.

  42. I downloaded and installed a c-log type profile for my 1DX MKII. Have you ever played around with something like this with the 1DX MKII? Would you recommend staying with that or just using the neutral profile and flatten it? Thanks

  43. but in one of your other videos you said they used 24fps in the film industry to save money on film while making the movie look good

  44. Hey Matti, I have got a question. Which aperture should I choose if I want to shoot landscape? I don't want the background to be blurred,I need a high depth of field. This means I need higher values like f 5-8 right? Greetz

  45. I can't believe the Canon sl3 dropped 1080p 24fps… wth! It has 4k 24fps… the sl2 has 1080p 24fps… Why not include 1080p 24fps, I hope they fix this in a firmware update. I have both cameras and shoot most my stuff in 1080p 24fps. I wanted the addition of 4k to do some 1080 down scaling for pans and zooms, but to not be able to shoot 1080 24fps on my second camera really hinders things.

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