“What camera should I buy?” – The 4 types of camera


so this is my fifth attempt of doing
this video first time I did it wasn’t particularly happy with it so we shot it
second time was happy with it but then introduced the t-shirt and the green
screen so redid it again then before I could finish that I scrapped the green
screen so shot it again last week except after shooting that one I got my haircut
and then went to edit it and realized that I’d missed an important piece out
so couldn’t exactly fill in the gaps so fifth time lucky now in this video I want to try and
start to answer a question that I get asked quite a lot doesn’t matter whether
I’m a wedding or a commercial shoot somewhere that I’m paid to be or if I’m
just casually out and about taking photographs if I’m carrying around a
camera like this then inherently people start to notice you and come over and
chat they could be other photographers they could just be members of the
general public but you’ll get people come over I want to talk to you about
photography see the pitch is you’re taking stuff like that and that’s nice I
love that I love engaging with other people trying to inspire them to take up
photography themselves or improve their photography but at some point somebody
will always ask the same question what camera should I buy obviously it makes
sense to get advice about photography equipment from a photographer but the
problem we’re just going up to a photographer and saying oh you’re a
photographer what camera should I buy? is it’s like going up to anybody who knows
how to drive and saying oh you know how to drive what car should I buy? it
entirely depends on your situation and ultimately it comes down to the same
three key points what you want it for how much do you want to spend and it’s
your personal preference so with this video I want to break down the four
categories that cameras fall under compact, bridge, mirrorless and DSLR, and
talk about the general advantages and disadvantages of all of these categories
so that hopefully by the end of this video if you are in the market for a
camera you’re gonna have a better idea as to what sort of camera category
you’re gonna be looking for from there it is really a matter of go to a shop or
somewhere where you can get the cameras in your hands and have a play around
with them and see which feels more comfortable to you because at the end of
the day that is the most important aspect of picking a camera you can
forget technical specifications if you don’t get a camera that you are
comfortable and happy to use then you’re not gonna want to use it and it’s just
gonna be a waste of space far better to get a camera system that you’re happy
with because you’re not gonna have any hesitations in grabbing your camera
getting outside and go in taking some photographs so let’s delve straight in
and look at calm so there’s absolutely no prizes for
guessing what the key selling point of these cameras are they are compact they
generally look something like this they’re very small they are very
lightweight convenient cameras that usually have the added benefit that when
the cameras powered down the lens will retract right the way into the body so
when you are not using the camera they take up absolutely minimal space so
they’re the most convenient camera body to carry around but they do have some
drawbacks firstly with the lens in order to keep the size of the camera to a
minimum the lens has to be kept to a minimum size as well which means they
generally have a very restrictive zoom range normally a 5 to 10 times optical
zoom at most and they also have a very restrictive aperture so they don’t let
in a lot of light so for casual day-to-day photographs a compact camera
might be suitable for you but if you are looking at photographing either things
that are potentially quite far away then you might not have that zoom range that
you need or if you’re photographing a lot in low-light situations you might
find the aperture doesn’t let enough light in for you to get a good
photograph also does the sensor particularly in budget level compact
cameras they generally have quite a small sensor probably not much bigger
than you would find in your phone so while cheap compact cameras will give
you the benefit of a zoom range that a phone dozen their image quality and
their low-light performance from the sensor generally isn’t that good
higher-end compact cameras do get bigger sensors that offer you better low-light
performance and generally better image quality but they also come at a higher
price so compact cameras are really aimed for the kind of casual shooter
wanted to take day-to-day photographs maybe share them up to social media or
something but aren’t looking for the professional-grade results next let’s
look at bridge cameras so the bridge camera was brought about to bridge the
gap between compacts and DSLRs so compact cameras very small very
lightweight cameras but a very restricted zoom range
dslr’s offer you the flexibility of fitting longer telephoto lenses to be
able to shoot faraway objects but the systems are generally a lot bigger so a
bridge camera gives you a smaller lightweight body like you would find
from a compact but has a much bigger lens like you would find on a DSLR as a
result rather than a compact camera having a 5 to 10 times optical zoom
bridge cameras are pushing 50 60 post times optical which means that gives you
a huge versatility to be able to photograph anything from a wide angle
landscape all the way through to an animal far away in the distance but
bridge cameras suffer from the same sort of pitfalls as the compact cameras
namely in order to keep the size of the camera and the lens down to a minimum
the aperture of the lens isn’t particularly fantastic also the lens is
still incorporated into the body so you can’t change the lens over for a wider
aperture lens but also the longer that you make a zoom range on a lens the more
complicated the design is to come up with so image quality generally tends to
be hindered as well and bridge cameras also have the same sort of sensor setup
as a compact camera namely budget level ones have the very small sensors the
higher end ones do have the bigger sensors but they come at a bigger price
and a bigger size so much like compact cameras for the kind of casual
photographer not looking for professional-grade results
compacts bridge cameras might be an option for you but what if you want to
push your creative boundaries what if you do want a changeable lens system
well you could look at mirrorless so a mirrorless camera is basically a DSLR
but with the mirror inside removed hence the name as a results of removing the
mirror the whole body can be made a lot smaller and a lot lighter which makes
for a much more convenient camera to carry around so you have a small
lightweight convenient body with basically the sensor from a DSLR so you
get DSLR levels of image quality and noise performance which makes these the
perfect camera not necessarily while there is no doubt that mirrorless
cameras are getting better and better as technology
advances and generally they are smaller and lighter than a DSLR, mirrorless has
two big pitfalls both of them caused by removing that mirror now the mirror in
the DSLR serves two key purposes firstly it reflects the light up into the
viewfinder so when you look through the viewfinder of a DSLR you were actually
seeing straight through the lens itself the mirror also reflects some of the
light onto an AF chip this is how a DSLR author focuses and is a very quick and a
very responsive system so even the most budget levels of the SLR have very quick
autofocus compared to other cameras but by removing the mirror in a mirrorless
camera we don’t have those facilities as a result a mirrorless camera has to rely
on using the sensor itself so to replace the optical viewfinder a mirrorless
camera will either show you the image on the back of the screen or will have an
electronic viewfinder on top this basically just displays whatever the
sensor can see has an image on the screen but as a result it means that the
sensor has to be active the whole time the camera is on but with the DSLR the
sensor is only needed when the picture is actually being taken so as a result
the rest of the time the sense is basically in a very low-power state but
with a mirrorless camera not only is the sensor always active but then you have
to power a second screen the whole time as well so generally the battery life of
a mirrorless camera is not as good as an equivalent DSLR then mirrorless cameras
have to rely on the sensor to autofocus as well and again technology is
improving and the autofocus in mirrorless cameras is getting better and
better but in the more budget level mirrorless cameras generally the
autofocus is not going to be quite as quick and as responsive as the budget
level DSLRs so mirrorless cameras offer you great image quality in a very small
lightweight body but what if you want something more for sports or wildlife
what about DSLRs dslr’s have been the workhorse of
photographers for decades and as I’ve already said there is no doubt that
mirrorless cameras are getting better and better and better but DSLRs do still
have their place and you can probably work out most of the pros and cons of
DSLRs based off the other camera systems anyway but just to clarify DSLRs give
you the same great image quality that you would find in most mirrorless
cameras they also have excellent autofocus even from a budget level
camera so if you’re after photographing a lot of sports and wildlife fast-paced
things DSLRs are generally the best option for you then there’s the battery
life because a DSLR can power the sensor down for a lot of the time the camera is
on then unlike all the other systems it has generally of much of better battery
life there are a couple of preferences to consider between DSLR and mirrorless
so for example the viewfinder some photographers prefer an optical
viewfinder over an electronic whereas other photographers prefer the
electronic over the optical you really have to try them and see then there’s
the size and weight mirrorless camera bodies are generally smaller and lighter
than equivalent DSLRs which might suit travel photographers wedding
photographers or the lights who want a small a lightweight kit as possible but
for sports and wildlife photographers who are maybe using the bigger heavier
lenses they prefer having the biggest sized body to balance things out which
brings us full circle back to the beginning point which is your personal
preference so hopefully now you’ve got an idea as to which sort of camera
system is best gonna suit what you need are you after an all-in-one
general-purpose camera like a compact or a bridge camera that you can just take
with you wherever to just snap your life away or are you after a more specialised
kit where you can swap and change the lenses to suit what you need such as
wide-angle telephoto or macro in which case look towards either mirrorless or
DSLR once you’ve got a specific category nailed down go out get hold of the
different cameras have a play around with them and see which you prefer the
feel of then get the camera go while and enjoy photography as always
guys if you have any questions comment boxes down below thank you so much for
stopping by and I will see you in the next video

100 Replies to ““What camera should I buy?” – The 4 types of camera

  1. I am seeking to get a light weight,compact,wireless, portable,wireless,4k,1080p
    ultra high definition,digital camcorder for YouTube vlogging & creating movies,cop watching which can do the following:

    record & live stream especially for a many hours 4 or more. The more the better.

    Has a large storage capacity about 64gb to 128gb and battery capacity to record for at least 4 hours or more. The longer the better!

    Can be encrypted with a digital password to prevent unauthorized access to video footage and still pictures in the device,including sd card encryption.

    Can be voice activated.

    Has Wi-Fi & Bluetooth capabilities.

    Has a very long range optical zoom

    Is waterproof and has night vision capabilities

    Has motion sensor which can be turned on or off

    Has live streaming capabilities.

    Has a good microphone for audio and video

    Has hands free capabilities

    Has the ability to automatically upload the videos or photos remotely to a safe online storage,accessible to me alone via digital password.

    What do you recommend ?

  2. Very informative. I finally understand at least the basics of the differences between a mirrorless and DSLR.

  3. If you had your hands cut off, would you still be able to talk? It seems every second word has it's own special movement and bloody hell it's annoying. My advice, sit on them.

  4. great explanation, thumbs up. the only thing that might be added is that there are a lot more lenses for dslr-s on the market than for mirrorless cameras

  5. I haven't watched yet, but all of those reasons are stupid reasons for not completing the vid. The Academy is going to be so unforgivable. Like yer shit anyway 🙂

  6. I have a compact camera that is 3-6 years old. I was thinking of getting a Bridge, but you make it sound like I might as well wait and build funds for a budget DSLR. Not a bad idea.

  7. cheap sony alpha DSLR paired with old Monilta AF lens that go for pennies on ebay. or a nikon D80 with cheap Nikon AF lens. a bit more expensive than the Sony-Minolta set, but you pay for great ergonomics. thats me

  8. "What camera should I buy?" – The 4 types of camera(s)

    None would be the right choice. They are all garbage worthy of the Riga landfill.
    Open the box
    Take out the POS and toss in nearest trash receptacle
    Keep the box

  9. I'm going to catch you on the "two screens" thing on for mirrorless camers. I currently have the Canon M50, which does have an electronic view finder and the typical flip out screen. If the flipout screen is in the closed position EVF is on at all times, but when the screen is open, the EVF is only active for as long as a nearby sensor detects any type of presence. Touch functions on the flipout screen are still active so you can set a focus region if you so choose.

  10. This is the best video information about camera i have ever watch,u did great, thank you
    Could u please explain more on compact camera, since i m still a student but need a budget camera, thank you

  11. Great tutoeial video. Thanks. Im a newbie at this topic and want to buy a camera. This is usefl info to u derstand the basic differencea on the cameras league. 👍

  12. If you want to take better portraits, a camera with a large ceencer will provide you with boke to separate your subject from the background

  13. I hate being asked "what camera should I buy?" I just say "I only really know about pro level gear …." they usually stop there.

  14. I found this helpful for sure, as a general comparison to the pros and cons of these 4 different types of cameras. I also appreciated you pointing out that individual preferences and goals are a factor not often given as much consideration with camera reviews and comparisons. But I still find myself a bit torn, I want amazing zoom without losing image quality, but not DSLR level size+weight and changing lenses all the time. Mirrorless is a turn off with the battery life and lower performance focusing. Ultimately I think I'm leaning towards a bridge until I'm ready to make the jump to DSLR… I adore being able to zoom, the more the better but I hate losing image quality and I really want to take low light, evening and night time pictures. Do you have any recommendations or videos focusing just on bridge cameras? When you get into censor size and aperture range, I am unlearned and get confused and can't keep track of some of this info. I see censor sizes and aperture ranges when shopping and its all Greek to me. I know I want the largest censor size I can get but they have different names and numbers to them, what is small? what is large? What is the best I can get on a bridge with a 50X or higher optical zoom? I know that if I want low light capability that I need a larger aperture… but… the number gets smaller the larger the aperture right? I find the format of the size confusing, its a number, fraction, dash, range… all Greek to me.

  15. just a thought concerning mirrorless cameras and people who use the view finder, the canon 77d (which I own) has a proximity detector over the view finder, which turns the lcd display off when you look into the eyepiece, surely they could simply do the opposite, and turn the sensor on when it detect your hear/eye near the finder, just a thought, and thanks for another really interesting video

  16. I hate it when this happens…
    https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/threelly-ai-for-youtube/dfohlnjmjiipcppekkbhbabjbnikkibo

  17. You really explained the cameras well , I've got a Panasonic bridge camera 60x zoom , & was thinking of moving onto a CSC camera , as it's called in my book , I thought it would be a good camera for me , but I do tend to use my zoom alot , so not so sure about it now , might just get myself a lightish dslr now . Thanks for the video .

  18. Youtube comments are full of amusements sometimes….
    https://chrome.google.com/webstore/detail/threelly-ai-for-youtube/dfohlnjmjiipcppekkbhbabjbnikkibo

  19. I guess zoom is controlled by lenses you use, so better telephoto lenses means better zoom, right?
    I wanted to buy myself a decent DSLR for a long time, but I'm a rookie in photography. I still have and use an old tape camcorder, but you know, that's just outdated af.
    I mostly take pictures of cars and like to shoot photos of distant objects and sky. Would love a camera to shoot some pictures of the moon, if it's possible.

  20. Really liked this video. Metaphors are very relatable. Very non biased, ie I have absolutely no idea what camera you prefer, which is awesome. Cheers man. Very good video. I've learnt a lot

  21. I like mirorless better for the electronic viewfinder and my hands are too small for larger DLSRs.

  22. This man has such an expressive face and facial sequence it is almost comical, as I take notes every shot is like a pose. It is funny because I feel he doesn't even know he is doing it.

  23. You could have talked about cost both of the camera and the lenses. Lenses for mirrorless are also smaller and I think cheaper. I do not think there is any doubt about your preference.

  24. "if you're not comfortable with it you wont going to want to use it. Then it's a waste of space."

    Me: looks into wallet "IT'S A DAMN WASTE OF MONEY IF I AIN'T USING IT!"

  25. hi my name is "click"—and i am serious. this is my 5 lesson on photography.Your 5th lesson too………how do you do……..?…..?…..? photography…..what else…….hahahahahah great tips. sir,thank you.

  26. Great video! I sometimes get asked for recommendations so I was looking for something on behalf of a mate.
    I would maybe add that if you're starting to worry about size and weight of the complete system (including lenses), then the size of the sensor is probably more important than whether it's mirrorless/DSLR. A fair few people who do wildlife-in-the-wild choose smaller sensors to avoid carrying huge heavy lenses on long hikes, for example.

  27. I was choosing between this and the Panasonic HC-v770k HD Flash memory recorder. But I think I would chose this cause it's water proof because makes it last and last. Can I get any comments or thoughts between which I should choose between the two camcorder ?

  28. What camera do you recommend for live streaming at a church and to take photos and videos. Something around 1000 USD

  29. Maybe you can help me! I want the best camera that is under $300 for shooting video at rollerskating rinks with low light. I'm currently looking at the Canon PowerShot SX720 HS 20.3MP 40X Optical Zoom Wifi / NFC Enabled Digic 6 Processor Digital Camera. It's 266.98 at Walmart online. Is there a better camera than this for shooting lowlight high action video?

  30. I wonder why say a P900 would start at 40% neg zoom so you have to use 40% of the zoom just to reach what our eyes see.

  31. Hello. I wanna make pictures of my dogs. But we also have a field with hares and they are far away. I also wanna make photos from close like ladybugs. What camera can i use? 🙂

  32. Sir , You just prove against your own point that compact has 5 – 10X zoom, by displaying ones with >20x zoom. What's going on here.

  33. I've decided to resume shooting aspiring rock bands in small venues, which requires stop action in low light without a flash or interchangable lenses. A bridge camera is the only kind that suits my budget, and thanks to your warnings about bridge camera aperture restrictions, I've determined that my only hope of getting back into business was to find one with a maximum aperture of 2.8. The Canon PowerShot SX40 and the Panasonic Lumix FZ80 came to my rescue, as did you, LOL — thanks again for saving me the money, frustration and grief of ending up with the wrong camera!

  34. if, you are going to make a video, please do us all a favor and shut the f##k up and get to the f#aking point. thank you:-)

  35. As someone that owns an iPhone XS Max, I've been told that its camera is fantastic and it wouldn't be necessary to buy a camera like the Canon g7x.. etc I just feel like the phone can be slightly inconsistent sometimes.

  36. In my opinion This cannon EOS 4000D is just unreal https://amzn.to/2jK7sDw Check it out the stats are unreal

  37. Bridge cameras are getting very good these days. So good that more professionals are using them, opting for their convenience and sharp results over having to change lenses. Also, not having mirrors, they tend to be free of the vibration of DSLR cameras. This is especially true of cameras with long telephotos. Professionals also can afford a number of bridge cameras opposed to fewer more expensive DSLRs. And again, their lack of vibration cannot be overemphasized. The only thing users need to worry about is pincushion and barrel distortion, common in many high zoom cameras. Very good review.

  38. I have quite small hands. Would this mean that a mirrorless camera would be better for me than a DSLR because of the smaller size?? Are there small DSLRs??

  39. Thank you so much for making this video ive struggled understanding the differences and were to go for what i want in my cameras the examples you used and the metaphor you used is very helpful,thank you again.

  40. Hello Dave; which DLSR camera would you recommend for a beginner non professional photographer ( by beginner I also mean not to over the top on price ) to take product photography for my eBay store, please? Even with my LED light boxes and LED light ring my photos are a little dark and pixilated with my Osmo Pocket, I also use a photography paper for my background, just need a good camera now 😆, thanks.

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